Braque Saint Germain: The Versatile French Hunting Dog

I am excited to introduce you to the Braque Saint Germain, a remarkable dog breed renowned for its hunting prowess and versatile capabilities. This French breed, known for its elegance and intelligence, has been a trusted companion for hunters for generations.

The Braque Saint Germain is a medium-large breed, specifically bred to excel as a gun dog and pointer. Its origins can be traced back to the 1830s when English and French pointing type dogs were crossbred to create a truly exceptional hunting companion. This breed’s adaptability and natural instincts make it an invaluable asset in the field.

Key Takeaways:

  • The Braque Saint Germain is a versatile and elegant French gun dog breed.
  • It is known for its exceptional hunting abilities and intelligence.
  • This breed is highly adaptable and excels in various hunting tasks.
  • Its origins can be traced back to the 1830s when English and French pointing dogs were crossed.
  • The Braque Saint Germain is a popular choice for hunters seeking a reliable and capable hunting companion.

Braque Saint Germain Appearance

The Braque Saint Germain is an elegant and attractive breed with distinct features that set it apart. Its fawn and white coat adds to its aesthetic appeal, giving it a regal appearance. The coat is short, dense, and not too fine, providing protection and insulation during outdoor activities.

The drop ears of the Braque Saint Germain contribute to its charming appearance. They hang down to the sides of the head, framing the face and adding to the breed’s overall elegance. The long tail is another notable physical characteristic. When the dog is in action, the tail is held level, showcasing the breed’s agility and purpose.

With a medium build and a height ranging from 56-62 cm for males and slightly smaller for females, the Braque Saint Germain exhibits a balanced and harmonious physique. Its appearance is a testament to its versatility, as it is both aesthetically pleasing and functional for its hunting and retrieving tasks.

Braque Saint Germain Appearance

Appearance Description
Coat Fawn and white, short and dense
Ears Drop ears, hanging down to the sides of the head
Tail Long tail held level while working
Height 56-62 cm for males, slightly smaller for females

Overall, the Braque Saint Germain possesses an appealing appearance that reflects its athleticism, grace, and functionality as a versatile gun dog.

Braque Saint Germain History

Braque Saint Germain History

The history of the Braque Saint Germain dates back to the 1830s when it was created through the crossbreeding of English and French pointing dogs. This French breed was developed in the royal kennels of Compiègne and gained popularity in the region of Saint Germain en Laye, from which it derived its name. Originally bred for hunting, the Braque Saint Germain quickly became renowned for its exceptional abilities in the field.

Combining the characteristics of both English and French pointing dogs, the Braque Saint Germain exhibits a perfect blend of style, elegance, and performance. Its breeders sought to create a versatile gun dog capable of pointing, flushing, and retrieving game with precision and skill. The breed’s popularity extended beyond the field, and it gained recognition in the show ring as well.

Year Event
1830s Breeding of the Braque Saint Germain begins, crossing English and French pointing dogs at the royal kennels of Compiègne.
19th century The breed gains popularity in the Saint Germain en Laye region, where it acquires its name.
20th century The Braque Saint Germain earns recognition in both the hunting and show dog communities.

The Braque Saint Germain’s rich history and purposeful breeding have made it a cherished breed among hunters and enthusiasts alike.

The breed’s history is a testament to its exceptional qualities as a gun dog. Today, the Braque Saint Germain continues to be revered for its hunting prowess, intelligence, and loyalty. With its roots firmly planted in French history, this breed remains an enduring symbol of the country’s passion for hunting and the art of gun dogs.

Evolution of the Braque Saint Germain

Over the years, the Braque Saint Germain has evolved and adapted to meet the changing needs of hunters. Breeders have focused on preserving the breed’s exceptional hunting abilities while also ensuring its suitability as a family companion. Today, the Braque Saint Germain is not only a versatile gun dog but also a beloved member of many households around the world.

Braque Saint Germain Health and Temperament

When it comes to the health and temperament of the Braque Saint Germain, this French gun dog breed is known for its remarkable qualities.

The Braque Saint Germain exhibits a soft mouth, making it an ideal retriever without causing damage to the game. This characteristic showcases their gentle nature and ability to handle objects delicately. Additionally, they possess a unique resilience and can withstand rough treatment, making them suitable for active individuals or families with children.

In terms of temperament, the Braque Saint Germain is often described as a “hunter above all.” Their keen sense of adventure and dedication to hunting tasks make them excellent companions for outdoor enthusiasts or professional hunters. Moreover, they exhibit a deep loyalty and affection towards their families, making them suitable for living in a family environment.

An Overview of Braque Saint Germain Health and Temperament

Trait Description
Soft Mouth The Braque Saint Germain has a gentle and precise grip, allowing it to retrieve game without causing harm.
Resilience to Rough Treatment This breed can handle physically demanding activities and rough handling, making them versatile companions for those with active lifestyles.
Hunter Above All The Braque Saint Germain is a dedicated hunting dog, displaying a strong drive for hunting tasks and excelling in various hunting disciplines.
Suitable for Family With their loyalty and affectionate nature, Braque Saint Germains can thrive in family environments, forming strong bonds with their human companions.


“The Braque Saint Germain’s soft mouth and resilience make it a versatile gun dog that can handle various tasks in the field.” – Experienced Braque Saint Germain breeder

In summary, the Braque Saint Germain exemplifies a gentle yet resilient character, making it an outstanding gun dog breed. Their soft mouth, ability to handle rough treatment, and loyalty to their families contribute to their suitability as both hunting companions and family pets. Whether engaged in outdoor activities or simply spending time with loved ones, the Braque Saint Germain’s health and temperament make it a remarkable breed.

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Braque Saint Germain Origins

The Braque Saint Germain breed has its origins in France and is a mix of English and Continental pointers. It belongs to the Braque Francais breeds, which were developed in different regions of France. Each region had its own variety of the Braque Francais, with the Paris/Saint Germain area being responsible for the creation of the Braque Saint Germain. This was achieved by crossing the English Pointers with the Braque Francais ancestors.

The English and Continental pointers were chosen for their hunting abilities and traits, which were further refined and enhanced through selective breeding. The goal was to create a versatile gun dog that excelled in pointing, flushing, and retrieving game.

The development of the Braque Saint Germain in the Paris/Saint Germain area was influenced by the specific needs and preferences of the local hunters. The breed’s distinctive characteristics and capabilities made it a valuable asset in the field, and it soon gained recognition and popularity among hunting enthusiasts.

The Origins of the Braque Saint Germain

“The Braque Saint Germain is a unique breed that emerged from the blending of English and Continental pointers, resulting in a versatile and skilled gun dog. Its development in the Paris/Saint Germain region showcases the adaptability and resourcefulness of French breeders in creating a breed that meets the specific hunting requirements of the area.”

The Braque Saint Germain’s origins are a testament to the ingenuity and dedication of breeders in France. Through careful selection and breeding, they were able to create a dog with exceptional hunting abilities and a strong drive to please its handler. Today, the Braque Saint Germain continues to be a cherished breed among hunting enthusiasts and remains a symbol of French heritage and expertise in gun dog breeding.

Braque Saint Germain Breed Characteristics

Braque Saint Germain breed characteristics

The Braque Saint Germain is known for its distinct breed characteristics, which contribute to its versatility and appeal as a hunting dog. This medium-sized breed has a mesaticephalic skull with a rounded shape and a moderately broad topskull. The head is strong and well-developed, with moderate-sized eyes that have a well-open oval shape and a hazel to dark amber color. The eyes are framed by well-fitted eye rims.

Braque Saint Germain dogs have moderately large and rounded ears that are set level with the eyes. Their broad and deep muzzle, along with a clean-cut neck and a deep and broad chest, gives them a strong and powerful appearance. The breed’s feet are moderately sized and oval in shape. When working, the Braque Saint Germain carries its tail horizontally.

The coat of the Braque Saint Germain is short and fading white, with distinctive orange (fawn) markings. This coat color adds to the breed’s unique and appealing appearance. The combination of these breed characteristics makes the Braque Saint Germain an elegant and attractive gun dog.

Braque Saint Germain Trainability

The Braque Saint Germain is highly trainable, making it an excellent choice for both novice and experienced dog owners. They are eager to please, intelligent, and willing to work, which contributes to their ease of training. With their natural retrieving instincts, they excel in training tasks related to retrieving, making them versatile and valuable hunting companions. Whether it’s in the field or during obedience training, the Braque Saint Germain’s trainability is a standout feature of the breed.

Positive reinforcement training methods are particularly effective with the Braque Saint Germain. This breed responds well to rewards such as praise, treats, and play, which helps to reinforce desired behaviors and build a strong bond with their owner. Consistency, patience, and clear communication are key when training this intelligent breed.

It’s important to note that while the Braque Saint Germain is highly trainable, they do require mental stimulation along with physical exercise. Engaging their minds through interactive toys, puzzle games, and obedience training sessions will keep them mentally sharp and prevent boredom-related behaviors. By providing the Braque Saint Germain with the right training and mental enrichment, owners can unlock the full potential of this intelligent and eager-to-please breed.

Training Tips for Braque Saint Germain

  • Start training from an early age to establish good habits and build a strong foundation.
  • Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, and play, to motivate and reward desired behaviors.
  • Keep training sessions short and engaging to prevent boredom and maintain focus.
  • Be consistent in your training approach and establish clear rules and boundaries.
  • Expose your Braque Saint Germain to different environments, sounds, and stimuli to prevent fear or anxiety in new situations.
  • Socialize your dog with other dogs, animals, and people to ensure they are well-rounded and friendly.

By understanding the trainability and unique needs of the Braque Saint Germain, owners can cultivate a strong bond with their dog while molding them into well-behaved companions and skilled hunting partners.

Braque Saint Germain Exercise Needs

The Braque Saint Germain is an active breed with high exercise requirements. To keep them happy and healthy, they need plenty of physical activity and mental stimulation. Regular exercise not only helps them burn off excess energy but also satisfies their natural instincts as a hunting and gun dog.

This breed has stamina and thrives when engaged in outdoor activities such as long walks, hikes, and runs. They enjoy exploring their surroundings and having the opportunity to use their senses. Providing them with ample exercise opportunities will help prevent boredom and destructive behaviors.

To meet their exercise needs, consider incorporating activities that tap into their natural abilities, such as tracking games, obedience training, agility courses, and retrieving exercises. These activities not only provide physical exercise but also mental stimulation and help strengthen the bond between you and your Braque Saint Germain.

Table: Braque Saint Germain Exercise Guidelines

Exercise Type Duration Frequency
Long Walks 30-60 minutes Daily
Hiking 1-2 hours 2-3 times a week
Running 20-30 minutes 3-4 times a week
Obedience Training 15-30 minutes Daily
Retrieving Games 15-30 minutes 2-3 times a week

Remember, it’s important to tailor the exercise routine to your Braque Saint Germain’s age, overall health, and individual preferences. Always monitor their condition during exercise to prevent overexertion and make adjustments as needed.

Regular exercise is not only essential for keeping your Braque Saint Germain physically fit but also contributes to their mental well-being. With a consistent exercise routine and fulfilling outdoor activities, you can provide your Braque Saint Germain with the active lifestyle they need to thrive.

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Braque Saint Germain Grooming

Braque Saint Germain Grooming

Grooming the Braque Saint Germain is relatively low maintenance due to their short coat. Regular brushing once or twice a week is sufficient to keep their coat clean and free of loose hair. This will also help distribute natural oils and keep their skin healthy. In addition to brushing, it is essential to trim their nails regularly to prevent overgrowth and discomfort. Keeping their ears clean and dry is also important to prevent any ear infections. Regularly check their ears for any signs of redness, discharge, or foul odor, and clean them gently with a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaner if necessary.

While grooming is minimal for the Braque Saint Germain, it is still essential to maintain their hygiene to ensure their overall well-being. By giving them proper grooming care, you can keep their coat healthy and reduce the risk of any discomfort or health issues.

Here is a summary of the Braque Saint Germain grooming needs:

  • Brush their coat once or twice a week to remove loose hair and keep their skin healthy.
  • Regularly trim their nails to prevent overgrowth and discomfort.
  • Clean their ears regularly and check for any signs of infection.

Table: Braque Saint Germain Grooming Needs

Grooming Needs Description
Coat Short and requires brushing once or twice a week
Nails Regular trimming to prevent overgrowth
Ears Regular cleaning to prevent infections

Proper grooming is essential for the Braque Saint Germain to ensure their coat and overall hygiene are well-maintained. By following a regular grooming routine, you can keep your Braque Saint Germain happy, healthy, and looking their best.

Braque Saint Germain Popularity and Recognition

The Braque Saint Germain, once a popular breed in the French show ring, has experienced a decline in population size over the years. However, despite this decrease, the breed continues to hold recognition and status in the dog world. The Société Centrale Canine, Fédération Cynologique Internationale, and the United Kennel Club all acknowledge and appreciate the unique qualities of the Braque Saint Germain.

While the breed’s popularity may not be as widespread as it once was, there is still a loyal following of enthusiasts who recognize and value the breed’s hunting abilities, trainability, and distinct appearance. The recognition by these influential canine organizations ensures that the Braque Saint Germain remains a recognized and respected breed within the dog-loving community.

Organizations Recognition
Société Centrale Canine Recognized
Fédération Cynologique Internationale Recognized
United Kennel Club Recognized

While the breed may not be as well-known on an international scale, it continues to be cherished by those who appreciate its unique qualities. The recognition and support of these respected organizations ensure that the breed’s legacy and future are protected in the years to come.

Braque Saint Germain Famous Examples

Braque Saint Germain

While the Braque Saint Germain is a remarkable breed of dog, it is relatively rare and confined to France. As such, there are no well-known individual Braque Saint Germain dogs in popular culture. However, this does not diminish the breed’s significance or its unique qualities. While they may not have achieved fame on a grand scale, the Braque Saint Germain is highly regarded by those familiar with this exceptional French gun dog.

“The Braque Saint Germain represents the epitome of a versatile gun dog, with its exceptional hunting instincts and trainability. Although not widely recognized outside of France, this breed has a dedicated following among hunters and dog enthusiasts. Their athleticism, intelligence, and willingness to work make them an excellent choice for those seeking a capable hunting companion.”

— Dog Breed Expert

Despite the absence of famous examples, the Braque Saint Germain’s value lies in its outstanding hunting abilities, including pointing, flushing, and retrieving. This breed excels in the field, working alongside hunters to assist in various game pursuits, such as rabbits and pheasants. Their natural instincts and remarkable trainability make them indispensable to hunters who appreciate their skills and loyal companionship.

While individual dogs may not have gained notoriety, the Braque Saint Germain as a breed continues to captivate those who recognize its exceptional qualities. Their history, appearance, and versatility have garnered the admiration of enthusiasts and experts alike, ensuring that the legacy of the Braque Saint Germain remains steadfast for generations to come.

In the world of famous dogs, the Braque Saint Germain may not have claimed the spotlight, but its reputation as an exceptional hunting dog and loyal companion endures.

Braque Saint Germain Cross-Breeds

Braque Saint Germain Cross-Breeds

The Braque Saint Germain breed, known for its versatility as a gun dog, has occasionally been crossed with the English Pointer to maintain and diversify its genetic pool. This cross-breeding practice aims to enhance the breed’s characteristics while introducing new traits that complement its hunting abilities. The combination of the Braque Saint Germain’s prowess and the English Pointer’s skills has resulted in cross-breeds that exhibit exceptional hunting talents and overall athleticism.

By crossing the Braque Saint Germain with the English Pointer, breeders hope to create dogs that possess the best qualities of both breeds. The English Pointer, known for its agility, speed, and excellent pointing instincts, contributes these desirable traits to the cross-breed. These hybrid dogs are often sought after by hunters and enthusiasts who appreciate their exceptional hunting abilities and their adaptability to different terrains and game.

“The cross-breeding of the Braque Saint Germain with the English Pointer has proven to be a successful endeavor, producing offspring that excel in various hunting tasks and display remarkable stamina and scenting abilities.”

It is important to note that cross-breeding should be carried out responsibly, with careful consideration given to the health, temperament, and conformation of both parent breeds. Responsible breeders prioritize the health and well-being of the cross-bred puppies, conducting necessary health screenings and providing appropriate socialization and training. By adhering to responsible breeding practices, breeders strive to maintain the integrity of the Braque Saint Germain breed while introducing beneficial characteristics through the cross-breeding process.

Braque Saint Germain Versatility

Braque Saint Germain hunting

The Braque Saint Germain is renowned for its exceptional versatility in the field of hunting. This French breed excels in various aspects of hunting, including pointing, flushing, and retrieving. Their natural instincts and strong drive make them well-suited for different types of game.

When it comes to pointing, the Braque Saint Germain has an innate ability to locate game birds and freeze in a pointing stance, indicating the presence of the prey to the hunter. Their keen sense of smell and acute awareness make them reliable and effective pointers in the field.

In addition to their pointing skills, these dogs are also adept at flushing out game. With their agile bodies and swift movements, they can navigate dense cover and flush out birds, such as pheasants and ducks, providing an exciting hunting experience for their handlers.

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Furthermore, their retrieving abilities are highly valued by hunters. The Braque Saint Germain can locate and retrieve downed game with precision and a soft mouth, ensuring that the game is undamaged. Their dedication and reliability enable them to be valuable partners in the field.

Game Pointing Flushing Retrieving

The Braque Saint Germain’s versatility in hunting, from pointing to flushing and retrieving, makes them a highly sought-after breed for hunters who engage in various types of game hunting. Their adaptability and innate skills contribute to their success in the field, making them invaluable companions for hunting enthusiasts.

Hunting Styles

The Braque Saint Germain’s versatility extends to different hunting styles. Whether you prefer upland hunting or waterfowl hunting, these dogs can adapt to different terrains and hunting scenarios. Their agility and athleticism enable them to navigate rugged terrain during upland hunts, and their love for water makes them excellent companions for waterfowl retrievals.

  • Upland hunting: The Braque Saint Germain’s pointing abilities and stamina make them exceptional partners for upland hunting, where they can cover vast areas in search of game birds.
  • Waterfowl hunting: With their love for water and retrieving skills, these dogs excel in waterfowl hunting, retrieving downed birds from ponds, lakes, and marshes.

Whether you’re a seasoned hunter or a passionate beginner, the Braque Saint Germain’s versatility in different hunting styles will undoubtedly enhance your hunting experiences, making them a breed of choice for hunters of various preferences.

Braque Saint Germain Future Outlook

Braque Saint Germain Future Outlook

The future outlook for the Braque Saint Germain breed depends on the continued efforts of conservation and preservation. With a decline in population size during the World Wars, it is essential to ensure the breed’s genetic diversity and promote responsible breeding practices.

Breed enthusiasts play a vital role in safeguarding the Braque Saint Germain’s future. Their passion and dedication contribute to the preservation of this unique French gun dog. By promoting the breed, raising awareness, and encouraging responsible ownership, breed enthusiasts can help maintain and strengthen the breed’s population.

Conservation efforts should focus on genetic health, temperament, and conformation. Health testing, particularly for conditions like hip dysplasia, is crucial to ensure the long-term well-being of the breed. Responsible breeding practices that prioritize the overall health and quality of the dogs should be encouraged.

In conclusion, the future of the Braque Saint Germain breed relies on the collective efforts of breed enthusiasts, responsible breeders, and conservation programs. By preserving the breed’s unique traits and ensuring its genetic integrity, the Braque Saint Germain can continue to thrive as a versatile and elegant gun dog, bringing joy to those who appreciate its exceptional qualities.

Table: Conservation Efforts and Breed Population

Conservation Efforts Breed Population
Genetic diversity Preservation and growth
Responsible breeding practices Ensuring overall breed health
Breed promotion Increasing awareness and popularity

Braque Saint Germain Breeding Considerations

When considering breeding Braque Saint Germain dogs, it is essential to prioritize responsible breeding practices and ensure the long-term health and well-being of the breed. One crucial consideration is hip dysplasia, a genetic condition that affects the hip joints and can lead to pain and mobility issues. To mitigate the risk of hip dysplasia, breeders should conduct health tests, such as hip evaluations, on their breeding stock.

Responsible breeding also involves selecting dogs with desirable temperament traits and working abilities. The Braque Saint Germain is known for its trainability, intelligence, and natural hunting instincts. By carefully selecting breeding pairs with these qualities, breeders can help preserve the breed’s unique characteristics.

Health testing and responsible breeding practices not only contribute to the overall health of the Braque Saint Germain breed but also help maintain genetic diversity. By avoiding excessive inbreeding and promoting outcrossing with suitable breeds, breeders can prevent the accumulation of genetic disorders and ensure the vitality of the breed for future generations.

Key Considerations for Breeding Braque Saint Germain Dogs:

  • Conduct health tests, including hip evaluations, to screen for genetic conditions like hip dysplasia.
  • Select breeding pairs with desirable temperament traits and working abilities.
  • Prioritize responsible breeding practices to maintain genetic diversity and prevent the accumulation of genetic disorders.

By following these breeding considerations, breeders can contribute to the preservation and improvement of the Braque Saint Germain breed, ensuring its long-term viability and the continued enjoyment of these remarkable dogs.

Consideration Explanation
Hip Dysplasia Breeders should conduct health tests, such as hip evaluations, on their breeding stock to minimize the risk of hip dysplasia, a genetic condition that affects the hip joints.
Temperament and Abilities Selecting dogs with desirable temperament traits, trainability, and natural hunting instincts ensures the preservation of the breed’s unique qualities.
Genetic Diversity Prioritizing responsible breeding practices, including avoiding excessive inbreeding and promoting outcrossing with suitable breeds, helps maintain genetic diversity and prevent the accumulation of genetic disorders.


In conclusion, the Braque Saint Germain is a remarkable dog breed that has captured the hearts of many hunting enthusiasts. With its elegant appearance, trainability, and affectionate nature, it makes for a versatile and loyal companion. Whether you’re an avid hunter or an active individual looking for a devoted and energetic pet, the Braque Saint Germain can meet your needs.

Originating from France, this breed has a rich history and is recognized by esteemed canine organizations such as the Société Centrale Canine, Fédération Cynologique Internationale, and the United Kennel Club. While the breed’s popularity declined during the World Wars, it has managed to maintain a dedicated following and is not at risk of extinction.

With proper care, including regular exercise and grooming, the Braque Saint Germain can thrive in a family environment. As a responsible owner, it is important to provide the necessary physical and mental stimulation that this active breed requires. Additionally, breeders should prioritize health testing, especially for hip dysplasia, to ensure the long-term well-being of the breed.

Overall, the Braque Saint Germain is a true gem among gun dog breeds. Its unique characteristics, hunting abilities, and loving personality make it a cherished companion for those who appreciate its qualities. By preserving and responsibly breeding this remarkable French breed, we can ensure its continued success and the joy it brings to the lives of dog lovers.

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