English Mastiff: Gentle Giants of the Mastiff Breed

As a professional journalist, I am excited to introduce you to the majestic English Mastiff, one of the most impressive giant dog breeds. Known for their enormous size and gentle nature, Mastiffs have captivated the hearts of dog enthusiasts worldwide. In this article, I will delve into the history, appearance, temperament, care, and training of these magnificent creatures. So, whether you’re considering adding a Mastiff to your family or simply want to learn more about this fascinating breed, you’re in the right place.

Key Takeaways:

  • The English Mastiff is a giant dog breed known for its enormous size and gentle nature.
  • Mastiffs are often referred to as “gentle giants” due to their calm and loving temperament.
  • Proper care, training, and socialization are essential for the well-being of an English Mastiff.
  • Mastiffs have a rich history as ancient breeds and have served as war and guard dogs.
  • English Mastiffs make loyal and protective family companions, particularly good with children.

Appearance of the English Mastiff

The English Mastiff is a giant dog breed with a massive body and a broad skull. It is known for its impressive size and strength. The average height for males is 76 centimeters (30 in) and for females is 70 centimeters (27.5 in). Males can weigh between 73 to 104 kilograms (160 to 230 lb) and females between 54 to 77 kilograms (120 to 170 lb). They are the largest dog breed in terms of mass, slightly heavier than the Saint Bernard.

The English Mastiff has a distinctive appearance with a massive head, short coat, and always displaying a black mask. This black mask appears on the muzzle, ears, and nose, and around the eyes. It adds to the breed’s unique charm and makes them instantly recognizable. Their coat should be short and close-lying, although long-haired Mastiffs, known as “Fluffies,” are occasionally seen.

As an owner of an English Mastiff, you’ll be amazed by their sheer size and powerful presence. Their broad skull and muscular build contribute to their awe-inspiring appearance. Whether walking in the park or lounging at home, the English Mastiff is sure to turn heads and attract attention.

Coat Color and Standards of the English Mastiff

The English Mastiff is known for its majestic appearance and unique coat color variations. The breed showcases shades of fawn, apricot, silver-fawn, and brindle, which contribute to its distinct and eye-catching aesthetics. However, regardless of the color variation, one element that remains constant is the presence of a black mask on the muzzle, ears, and nose, as well as around the eyes. This black mask is a defining characteristic of the English Mastiff and adds to its overall appeal.

Coat standards may vary slightly among different kennel clubs, but the essential requirement is the presence of the black mask. The coat itself should be short and close-lying, providing a sleek and polished appearance. While most English Mastiffs have a short coat, there are occasional long-haired individuals, often referred to as “Fluffies.” These long-haired Mastiffs, though not conforming to the standard, possess their unique charm and are a rare sight within the breed.

To encapsulate the coat color and standards of the English Mastiff, the following table provides a summary:

Coat Color Presence of Black Mask Coat Length
Fawn Yes Short
Apricot Yes Short
Silver-Fawn Yes Short
Brindle Yes Short

In summary, the English Mastiff boasts a striking array of coat colors, including fawn, apricot, silver-fawn, and brindle. However, no matter the color variation, the presence of a black mask is vital. The coat should be short and close-lying, ensuring a sleek appearance that further enhances the breed’s regal and majestic presence.

Genetic Basis and Color Variations of the Mastiff Coat

The coat color of the English Mastiff is determined by its genetic makeup, which includes multiple gene locations. These genes define the different coat color variations found in Mastiffs, such as fawn, apricot, brindle, and the characteristic black mask. The presence of a black mask is always associated with the Mastiff breed and appears on the muzzle, ears, and nose, as well as around the eyes.

The coat color variations in Mastiffs can be attributed to dominant and recessive genes. For example, the fawn and apricot shades are considered dominant, while the brindle pattern and the presence of a black mask are the result of recessive genes. Mastiffs with non-standard coat colors, such as black, blue brindle, and chocolate mask, may occur rarely as a result of genetic mutations.

To better understand the genetic basis of coat color in Mastiffs, ongoing studies are being conducted. Researchers aim to identify the specific genes responsible for different coat colors and patterns. This knowledge will not only provide insights into the Mastiff breed but also contribute to a better understanding of coat color genetics in dogs as a whole.

Coat Color Genetic Makeup Characteristics
Fawn Dominant genes Light tan to golden brown color
Apricot Dominant genes Light reddish-brown to deep orange color
Brindle Recessive genes Dark stripes on a lighter background color
Black Mask Recessive genes Presence of a black mask on the muzzle, ears, nose, and around the eyes

Understanding the genetic basis and coat variations in Mastiffs not only adds to the fascinating nature of the breed but also helps breeders and enthusiasts appreciate the diversity within the Mastiff gene pool. By breeding selectively and responsibly, breeders can maintain and enhance the desirable coat characteristics while ensuring the overall health and well-being of the Mastiffs.

Record Size of the English Mastiff

English Mastiff Record Size Image

The English Mastiff, recognized as the largest dog breed, holds the record for its impressive size. The heaviest recorded Mastiff weighed 343 pounds (155.6 kg), standing at a towering height of 37 inches (94 cm) at the shoulder. This remarkable size surpasses other large breeds such as the Saint Bernards, Tibetan Mastiffs, and Caucasian ovcharkas. The English Mastiff’s weight and height make them truly remarkable.

To emphasize the English Mastiff’s record size further, let’s take a moment to compare it to other animals. The average weight of a male Mastiff exceeds that of a panda bear, while their height is taller than an adult male kangaroo. These comparisons illustrate the astounding proportions of the English Mastiffs and their place as the largest living canines.

When it comes to sheer mass and presence, the English Mastiff’s record size sets them apart. Their imposing stature, combined with their gentle and loving temperament, adds to their unique appeal. The English Mastiff truly lives up to its reputation as a gentle giant, making it an excellent choice for those seeking a loyal and awe-inspiring companion.

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Temperament of the English Mastiff

The English Mastiff is renowned for its gentle and loving temperament, earning it the reputation of being one of the gentle giants of the dog world. With their loyal and protective nature, they make excellent companions for families. These majestic dogs are known to be affectionate towards their loved ones and are particularly good with children. They possess a calm demeanor, which allows them to blend seamlessly into family life.

The Mastiff’s protective instincts combined with their imposing presence make them a reliable and trustworthy breed. Their loyalty to their family is unwavering, and they will go to great lengths to guard and protect their loved ones if needed. The English Mastiff’s calm nature and balanced temperament enable them to assess situations before acting, making them less prone to aggression than some other breeds.

To ensure that an English Mastiff develops into a well-rounded and obedient companion, early socialization and consistent, positive reinforcement training are crucial. Mastiffs respond well to firm yet gentle handling and thrive in a structured environment. Their eagerness to please, coupled with their natural intelligence, makes training a rewarding experience for both the dog and their owner.

The English Mastiff’s Temperament at a Glance:

  • Gentle and loving nature
  • Loyal and protective of their family
  • Affectionate towards children
  • Calm demeanor and balanced temperament
  • Reliable and trustworthy
  • Requires early socialization and consistent, positive reinforcement training


“The English Mastiff’s gentle temperament and protective nature make them the ultimate loyal and loving family companion. Their calm and balanced demeanor, combined with their imposing presence, ensures they are always ready to guard and protect their loved ones.” – Professional Dog Trainer

Table: English Mastiff Temperament Traits

Trait Description
Gentle The English Mastiff is known for its gentle nature, making it a suitable breed for families with children.
Loyal Mastiffs are fiercely loyal and form strong bonds with their family members.
Protective The Mastiff’s protective instincts make them reliable guardians of their loved ones and their property.
Affectionate English Mastiffs are known for their affectionate nature and thrive on close human companionship.
Calm These gentle giants have a calm and balanced demeanor, making them well-suited for family life.
Good with Children Mastiffs are patient and tolerant with children, making them excellent family pets.

Health Considerations for the English Mastiff

When it comes to the health of an English Mastiff, there are a few important considerations to keep in mind. Like all large and giant breeds, Mastiffs are prone to certain health issues that owners should be aware of and proactive in addressing. Two of the most common health concerns for English Mastiffs are hip dysplasia and bloat.

Hip dysplasia is a condition in which the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to discomfort, pain, and mobility issues. This condition is hereditary and can be exacerbated by factors such as rapid growth, excessive weight, and strenuous exercise. Regular exercise that is appropriate for the breed, along with a balanced diet to maintain a healthy weight, can help minimize the risk of developing hip dysplasia.

Bloat, also known as gastric dilation volvulus (GDV), is a potentially life-threatening condition that affects deep-chested breeds like the Mastiff. It occurs when the stomach fills with air and twists, cutting off blood flow and trapping gas inside. Bloat can be triggered by factors such as eating too quickly, exercising vigorously after eating, or consuming large meals. To reduce the risk of bloat, it is recommended to divide meals into smaller portions throughout the day, avoid exercise immediately after eating, and provide a raised feeding bowl to promote slower eating.

“Proper diet, regular exercise, and routine veterinary care are essential for the overall health and well-being of an English Mastiff.”

In addition to hip dysplasia and bloat, English Mastiffs may also be prone to other health issues such as heart problems, obesity, and joint issues. It is important for owners to be vigilant in monitoring their Mastiff’s health and seeking regular veterinary care. Routine check-ups, vaccinations, and health screenings can help detect and prevent potential health problems before they become serious. With proper care and attention, Mastiffs can live long and healthy lives.

Health Considerations for the English Mastiff Symptoms and Prevention
Hip Dysplasia Monitor mobility, provide appropriate exercise, maintain a balanced diet.
Bloat Divide meals into smaller portions, avoid exercise after eating, use a raised feeding bowl.
Heart Problems Monitor for signs of cardiovascular issues such as rapid breathing, coughing, or weakness.
Obesity Control portion sizes, avoid excessive treats, provide regular exercise.
Joint Issues Monitor for signs of stiffness or lameness, provide joint supplements if recommended by a veterinarian.

It’s important to note that while English Mastiffs may be prone to certain health issues, not all individuals will experience these problems. Proper care, including a nutritious diet, regular exercise, and routine veterinary check-ups, can greatly contribute to the overall health and well-being of an English Mastiff.

History of the English Mastiff

English Mastiff

The English Mastiff is an ancient breed with a rich history that can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Rome. These dogs served various roles throughout history, including as war dogs and guard dogs.

In ancient Egypt, Mastiffs were highly regarded for their strength and loyalty. They were often depicted in Egyptian artwork, serving as companions to pharaohs and guardians of their tombs.

In ancient Rome, Mastiffs were used in warfare, where their massive size and powerful presence made them formidable adversaries. They were also employed as guard dogs, protecting estates and livestock.

“The English Mastiff has a long history as a war dog and guard dog, dating back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Rome. These gentle giants played a significant role in protecting their owners and their possessions.”

Over time, Mastiffs transitioned from their working roles to become beloved family companions. Their gentle nature and loyal temperament made them ideal for families seeking a loving and protective pet.

Key Points Details
Ancient Breed English Mastiffs have a long history, dating back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Rome.
War Dogs Mastiffs were used as war dogs in ancient Rome, thanks to their size and strength.
Guard Dogs They also served as guard dogs, protecting estates and livestock.
Transition to Companion Mastiffs eventually became beloved family companions due to their gentle nature and loyalty.

Today, the English Mastiff continues to be cherished for its rich history and unique characteristics. Whether as a family companion or a therapy dog, the Mastiff’s ancient lineage and gentle temperament make it a truly remarkable breed.

Types of Mastiffs

When it comes to Mastiffs, there are various types that enthusiasts can choose from. Each type has its own unique characteristics, making them distinct in appearance, temperament, and size. Here are some of the most well-known types of Mastiffs:

English Mastiff

The English Mastiff, also known as the Mastiff or Old English Mastiff, is the largest of the Mastiff breeds. With their massive bodies and gentle nature, they are often referred to as gentle giants. English Mastiffs have a distinct black mask on their face and a short coat. They are known for their loyalty, protectiveness, and affectionate nature, making them excellent family pets.

Neapolitan Mastiff

The Neapolitan Mastiff, or Mastino Napoletano, is an ancient Italian breed known for its massive size and loose skin. They have a powerful build and a distinctive wrinkled face. Neapolitan Mastiffs are known for their protective instincts and are often used as guard dogs. Despite their imposing appearance, they are loyal and loving companions.

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The Bullmastiff is a crossbreed between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldog. They were originally developed to guard estates and catch poachers in England. Bullmastiffs are strong and muscular, with a powerful bite. They have a gentle and calm temperament, making them excellent family pets. Bullmastiffs are protective and loyal to their loved ones.

Tibetan Mastiff

The Tibetan Mastiff is an ancient breed originating from Tibet. They were traditionally used as guard dogs and livestock protectors in the Himalayan region. Tibetan Mastiffs are large and powerful, with a thick double coat that keeps them warm in harsh climates. They are known for their independence and strong protective instincts.

Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is a breed that originated in France. They have a large, muscular body and a distinctive wrinkled face. Dogue de Bordeaux are known for their loyalty and protective nature, making them excellent family companions. They are gentle with children and form strong bonds with their owners.

Brazilian Mastiff

The Brazilian Mastiff, or Fila Brasileiro, is a large and powerful breed originating from Brazil. They were originally used as hunting and guard dogs. Brazilian Mastiffs are known for their loyalty and protective nature. They require firm and consistent training to ensure they become well-rounded companions. Due to their strong guarding instincts, they are not recommended for first-time dog owners.

Type of Mastiff Origin Size Temperament
English Mastiff England Large to Giant Gentle, Loyal, Protective
Neapolitan Mastiff Italy Large to Giant Protective, Loyal
Bullmastiff England Large Protective, Calm
Tibetan Mastiff Tibet Large to Giant Independent, Protective
Dogue de Bordeaux France Large Loyal, Protective
Brazilian Mastiff (Fila Brasileiro) Brazil Large to Giant Protective, Loyal

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English Mastiff Care and Training

Proper care and training are essential for the well-being of an English Mastiff. These gentle giants require specific attention to their grooming, exercise, and socialization needs. By following these guidelines, you can ensure a happy and healthy life for your Mastiff companion.


The English Mastiff has a short coat that is relatively easy to maintain. Regular brushing helps manage shedding and keeps their coat in good condition. This breed may drool, so keeping their facial area clean is important. Additionally, you should regularly check their ears for any signs of infection or excessive wax buildup. Regular nail trims and dental care are also necessary for optimal grooming.


While English Mastiffs are not known for their high energy levels, regular exercise is still crucial to their overall health. Daily walks and playtime in a securely fenced yard are recommended to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. However, it’s important to avoid excessive exercise, particularly in puppies, as their growing bodies can be prone to joint issues. Consult with your veterinarian to determine an appropriate exercise routine for your Mastiff.

Training and Socialization

Training and socialization are vital aspects of raising an English Mastiff. These dogs are intelligent and eager to please, making them responsive to positive reinforcement training methods. Start training your Mastiff early, focusing on basic obedience commands such as sit, stay, and come. Early socialization with people and other animals is crucial to ensure a well-rounded and well-behaved companion. Expose your Mastiff to various situations, environments, and people from a young age to help them develop good manners and become comfortable in different settings.

In summary, proper care and training play a vital role in the well-being of an English Mastiff. Regular grooming, including brushing, ear care, nail trims, and dental care, helps maintain their coat and overall hygiene. Moderate exercise tailored to their needs keeps them physically and mentally stimulated. Positive reinforcement training and early socialization are essential in raising a well-behaved and well-adjusted Mastiff. By providing the right care and training, you can ensure a happy and fulfilling life for your English Mastiff companion.

English Mastiff as Family Companions

The English Mastiff is an ideal choice for families seeking a loyal and protective companion. These gentle giants have a loving nature and form strong bonds with their family members. Their imposing presence and protective instincts make them excellent guardians for both adults and children. With proper socialization and training, English Mastiffs are known to be good with children, making them a reliable family pet.

One of the standout characteristics of English Mastiffs is their loyalty. They are devoted to their loved ones and will go to great lengths to protect them. Their protective nature, combined with their gentle disposition, makes them a trustworthy and reliable companion for families.

English Mastiffs are known for their calm and laid-back temperament. Despite their large size, they are generally not aggressive and are good-natured around people. Their calm demeanor makes them well-suited for families, especially those with children.

It’s important to note that English Mastiffs require early socialization and consistent training to ensure they become well-rounded family pets. By exposing them to various situations, people, and environments at a young age, their natural protective instincts can be honed in a positive way.

Gentle and Loyal

English Mastiffs are often described as gentle giants due to their loving and loyal nature. They have a strong bond with their family members and are known to be protective without being overly aggressive. Their size and presence alone can act as a deterrent to potential threats, making them an excellent choice for families seeking both a loving companion and a reliable guardian.

English Mastiffs are gentle, loyal, and protective family companions. They form strong bonds with their loved ones and are good with children. Their imposing presence and calm temperament make them an ideal choice for families seeking a reliable and loving companion.

It’s important to note that English Mastiffs require proper care, training, and socialization to ensure they thrive in a family environment. With the right upbringing and consistent handling, they can become well-behaved and obedient companions.

Characteristics Details
Temperament Gentle, loyal, protective
Interaction with children Good with children
Size Massive, imposing presence
Socialization Requires early socialization
Training Consistent, positive reinforcement training

Choosing an English Mastiff

When considering adopting an English Mastiff, it is important to prioritize adoption from rescue organizations or shelters. Adopting a Mastiff not only provides a loving home for a dog in need but also helps reduce the number of animals in shelters. However, if you decide to purchase a Mastiff from a breeder, it is crucial to choose a reputable breeder who follows ethical breeding practices and prioritizes the well-being of their dogs.

A reputable Mastiff breeder will conduct necessary health screenings to ensure that their breeding dogs are free from genetic diseases or conditions that can be passed on to the puppies. These screenings may include testing for hip and elbow dysplasia, cardiac evaluations, and thyroid testing. By choosing a breeder who prioritizes health screenings, you can have peace of mind knowing that you are getting a Mastiff with a higher likelihood of good health.

It is important to do thorough research when selecting a breeder. Look for breeders who are members of recognized Mastiff clubs or organizations and who have a strong reputation within the Mastiff community. Ask for references from previous puppy buyers and visit the breeder’s facility to ensure that the dogs are well-cared for and living in a clean and healthy environment. A reputable breeder will also be happy to answer any questions you may have and provide ongoing support as you welcome your new Mastiff into your home.

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Benefits of Adopting an English Mastiff Benefits of Purchasing from a Reputable Breeder
  • Provides a loving home for a dog in need
  • Reduces the number of animals in shelters
  • Often more affordable than purchasing from a breeder
  • Supports the mission of rescue organizations
  • Ensures the dog comes from healthy breeding lines
  • Provides access to health and genetic information
  • Opportunity to meet the puppy’s parents
  • Ongoing support and guidance from the breeder

Whether you choose to adopt or purchase a Mastiff, always remember the importance of responsible ownership. Mastiffs require a significant commitment of time, attention, and resources. Ensure that you have the space, resources, and lifestyle to accommodate the needs of this large and gentle breed. By making an informed decision and selecting a reputable adoption or breeder, you can provide a loving and forever home for an English Mastiff.


“Choosing the Right Breeder.” American Kennel Club, www.akc.org/dog-breeds/.

“Choosing a Responsible Breeder.” The Kennel Club, www.thekennelclub.org.uk/getting-a-dog/.

English Mastiff in Pop Culture

The English Mastiff has left its mark in pop culture, making appearances in movies, books, and other forms of media. These gentle giants have captured the hearts of many, showcasing their lovable and loyal nature on the big screen and in literature.

“I should have known that you would be here, Professor McGonagall,” said a growling voice. Everyone’s head turned toward the entrance as Professor McGonagall marched inside, closely followed by Fang, who was straining on a thick leather lead.” – Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone

One well-known Mastiff in pop culture is Fang, the loyal canine companion of Rubeus Hagrid in the Harry Potter series. Fang’s presence adds an element of protection and companionship to the story, showcasing the Mastiff’s gentle and protective nature.

Another notable appearance of the English Mastiff is in the movie “Turner & Hooch.” Hooch, a steadfast and lovable Mastiff, plays a prominent role in the film as the partner of Detective Scott Turner, bringing humor and heart to the story.

“What do you mean I slept too late? I’m a Mastiff. I don’t do late.” – Marmaduke

English Mastiffs have also been featured in comic strips such as Marmaduke, where their larger-than-life presence and comedic antics are showcased. These portrayals in pop culture highlight the English Mastiff’s unique characteristics and capture the hearts of audiences worldwide.

Movie Mastiff
“Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” Fang
“Turner & Hooch” Hooch
“Marmaduke” Marmaduke

These famous Mastiffs and their memorable appearances in pop culture have further solidified the English Mastiff’s reputation as a gentle and lovable breed, deserving of recognition and admiration.

English Mastiff as Therapy Dogs

English Mastiff therapy dogs

The English Mastiff’s gentle nature and loving temperament make them excellent candidates for therapy work. These magnificent dogs have the ability to provide comfort and emotional support to those in need, making a positive impact on their lives. Whether it’s in hospitals, nursing homes, or other therapeutic environments, English Mastiffs have shown their unique ability to bring joy and happiness to individuals facing difficult times.

Therapy dogs play a crucial role in providing emotional support and companionship to people of all ages. The mere presence of an English Mastiff can have a calming effect, easing anxiety and promoting a sense of well-being. These gentle giants are known for their intuitive nature, often sensing the emotions of those around them and offering comfort without judgment.

With their size and gentle disposition, English Mastiffs can provide a sense of security and comfort to individuals who may be struggling with physical or psychological challenges. Their affectionate nature and unconditional love have a profound impact on the well-being of those they interact with, offering solace and a much-needed sense of connection.

Benefits of English Mastiff Therapy Dogs

  • Comfort: English Mastiffs are known for their cuddly nature and enjoy being close to people, providing a source of comfort and warmth.
  • Emotional Support: These gentle giants have a calming presence that can help alleviate stress and anxiety, providing emotional support to individuals in need.
  • Sense of Connection: Mastiffs have the ability to form deep emotional bonds with those they interact with, creating a sense of companionship and connection.
  • Physical Contact: The physical touch and presence of an English Mastiff can release feel-good hormones, promoting relaxation and reducing feelings of loneliness.
  • Social Interaction: Therapy dogs, including English Mastiffs, can help facilitate social interaction and improve communication skills for individuals who may struggle with socialization.

English Mastiffs bring a unique combination of gentle nature, comfort, and emotional support to those in need. Their role as therapy dogs is invaluable in providing a source of joy, healing, and companionship to individuals facing various challenges. Their presence alone can make a significant difference in the lives of many, making them truly remarkable creatures.

Benefits of English Mastiff Therapy Dogs English Mastiff as Therapy Dogs
Comfort Their cuddly nature and love for human contact provide comfort to those in need.
Emotional Support Their calming presence helps alleviate stress and anxiety, offering emotional support.
Sense of Connection They form deep emotional bonds, creating a sense of companionship and connection.
Physical Contact The physical touch of an English Mastiff releases feel-good hormones, promoting relaxation.
Social Interaction They facilitate social interaction and improve communication skills for individuals.


The English Mastiff is truly a magnificent breed, known for its gentle nature and loyalty. Often referred to as gentle giants, Mastiffs make exceptional companions for families seeking a loving and protective pet. With their rich history as an ancient breed, owning a Mastiff is like having a piece of living history.

These majestic dogs are not only impressive in size but also in their loving and affectionate nature. Their calm demeanor and gentle temperament make them ideal family pets, particularly well-suited for children. The Mastiffs’ imposing presence can offer a sense of security and deter potential threats, making them reliable and trustworthy companions.

As an ancient breed, the English Mastiff carries with it a sense of heritage and tradition. Their lineage can be traced back through centuries, from ancient Egypt to medieval Europe. Owning a Mastiff is like embracing a piece of history, as these dogs have played significant roles as war dogs and guardians throughout time.

If you are looking for a loyal, loving, and ancient breed to join your family, the English Mastiff may be the perfect choice. These gentle giants are not only magnificent in appearance but also in their unwavering devotion. Consider opening your heart and home to an English Mastiff, and you will be rewarded with a loyal companion for life.

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