What Are Signs Of Anxiety In Dogs?

If you’ve ever wondered how to tell if your furry friend is feeling anxious, this article is here to help. Dogs, just like humans, can experience anxiety, and it’s important for us as pet owners to recognize the signs. From excessive barking and pacing, to destructive behavior and loss of appetite, there are several common indicators that your dog may be feeling anxious. By understanding these signs and seeking the appropriate support and care, we can help alleviate their anxiety and ensure they live a happy and healthy life.

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Physical Signs of Anxiety

Shaking or trembling

When your dog is experiencing anxiety, you may notice them shaking or trembling. This physical manifestation of anxiety is often a result of their nervous system being on high alert. It is important to keep an eye out for this sign, as it can indicate that your dog is feeling fearful or stressed.

Excessive panting

Another physical sign of anxiety in dogs is excessive panting. When dogs are anxious, their heart rate increases, and they may start to breathe more rapidly. If you notice your dog panting heavily, especially when there is no physical exertion involved, it may be a sign that they are feeling anxious.

Restlessness and pacing

Restlessness and pacing are common behaviors exhibited by dogs when they are feeling anxious. They may struggle to settle down or find a comfortable spot, constantly moving from one place to another. This restlessness is their way of trying to cope with their anxiety and find a sense of security.

Increased heart rate

An increased heart rate is not only a physical sign of anxiety but also a physiological response to stress. When dogs are anxious, their heart rate can spike, causing them to feel more agitated. Monitoring your dog’s heart rate during periods of anxiety can give you a better understanding of the severity of their distress.

Drooling or excessive salivation

Excessive drooling or salivation can be a clear indication that your dog is feeling anxious. This can occur as a result of their nervous system being in overdrive, causing them to produce more saliva. If you notice your dog drooling excessively, it is important to address their anxiety to alleviate their discomfort.

Changes in appetite or weight loss/gain

Anxiety can also affect a dog’s eating habits. Some dogs may experience a decrease in appetite, resulting in weight loss, while others may turn to food as a way to cope with their stress, leading to weight gain. Keep an eye on your dog’s eating patterns and consult with a veterinarian if you notice any significant changes.

Behavioral Signs of Anxiety

Excessive barking or howling

One of the most common behavioral signs of anxiety in dogs is excessive barking or howling. When dogs are feeling anxious, they may resort to vocalizing as a way to express their distress. This behavior can be disruptive and may indicate that your dog is having difficulty coping with their anxiety.

Aggression or destructive behavior

Anxiety can manifest in dogs through aggression or destructive behavior. This can include growling, snapping, biting, or even destructive chewing of furniture, shoes, or other items in the home. It is essential to address these behaviors promptly to ensure the safety of both your dog and those around them.

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Excessive licking or chewing

Another behavioral sign of anxiety in dogs is excessive licking or chewing. Dogs may focus their attention on licking or chewing certain objects or areas of their bodies as a way to self-soothe. However, this behavior can lead to skin irritation or other health issues, so it is essential to identify and address the underlying anxiety.

Urinating or defecating indoors

When dogs are feeling anxious, they may struggle to control their bladder or bowel movements. This can result in accidents indoors, even if your dog is typically well-house trained. If your dog starts urinating or defecating indoors, it may be a sign that they are experiencing anxiety and need support to alleviate their distress.

Trying to escape or hide

An anxious dog may attempt to escape or hide from situations that trigger their anxiety. They may try to bolt out the door, dig under fences, or hide in small spaces like closets or under furniture. This behavior is their way of seeking safety and removing themselves from situations that they perceive as threatening.

Excessive attention-seeking behavior

Some dogs exhibit excessive attention-seeking behavior when they are feeling anxious. They may constantly demand your attention, follow you everywhere, and become overly clingy. While it is important to provide comfort and reassurance to your anxious dog, it is also crucial to address the underlying anxiety to bring them a sense of calm.

Emotional Signs of Anxiety

Excessive fear or phobia

One of the primary emotional signs of anxiety in dogs is excessive fear or phobia. An anxious dog may react intensely to certain triggers or situations, displaying extreme fear and avoidance behaviors. Identifying these triggers and working with a professional can help your dog overcome their anxiety and live a more comfortable life.

Depression or withdrawal

Anxiety can also manifest as depression or withdrawal in dogs. They may become disinterested in activities they once enjoyed, show a lack of energy, or isolate themselves from family members or other pets. If you notice your dog displaying signs of depression, it is crucial to address their anxiety and provide the support they need.

Excessive sensitivity to noise or touch

Dogs with anxiety often exhibit an increased sensitivity to noise or touch. They may startle easily at loud noises or become overly reactive to touches that were once welcomed. This heightened sensitivity can be distressing for your dog, and it is important to create a calm environment that minimizes triggers and stressors.

Obsessive behaviors

Some anxious dogs develop obsessive behaviors as a way to cope with their anxiety. This can include repetitive actions like tail-chasing, paw licking, or compulsive pacing. These behaviors can interfere with your dog’s quality of life and should be addressed through behavioral modification and professional guidance.

Separation anxiety

Separation anxiety is a specific form of anxiety that occurs when dogs are separated from their owners or primary caregivers. Dogs with separation anxiety may exhibit destructive behavior, excessive barking, house soiling, or self-harm when left alone. This condition requires special attention and training techniques to help your dog feel more secure when left alone.

Triggered Situations for Anxiety in Dogs

Thunderstorms or fireworks

Thunderstorms and fireworks are common triggers for anxiety in dogs. The loud noises and bright flashes of light can startle and overwhelm dogs, leading to heightened anxiety. Creating a safe and secure space for your dog during these events can help minimize their anxiety and provide them with a sense of safety.

Veterinary visits

For many dogs, veterinary visits can be a source of anxiety. The unfamiliar smells, sounds, and experiences can trigger fear and stress. It is important to work with your veterinarian to make these visits as positive and stress-free as possible, ensuring that your dog’s physical and emotional well-being are both considered.

Travel or car rides

Some dogs experience anxiety when traveling or going for car rides. The motion and confinement can be distressing for them, leading to restlessness, panting, or even vomiting. Gradual desensitization and positive reinforcement can help your dog become more comfortable with these experiences and reduce their anxiety.

Being alone or separation

As mentioned earlier, separation anxiety is a specific form of anxiety triggered by being alone. Dogs with separation anxiety may become highly distressed when separated from their owners, often displaying behaviors such as excessive barking, destructive behavior, or self-harm. Seek professional help if your dog is experiencing severe separation anxiety.

New environments or changes in routine

Changes in routine or exposure to new environments can also trigger anxiety in dogs. Dogs are creatures of habit and may feel uneasy or stressed when their familiar routine is disrupted. Gradually introducing them to new environments and providing a stable and predictable routine can help alleviate their anxiety.

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Loud noises or unfamiliar sounds

Just like thunderstorms or fireworks, any loud noises or unfamiliar sounds can trigger anxiety in dogs. This can include construction noises, sirens, vacuum cleaners, or even the sound of a doorbell. Identifying these triggers and gradually desensitizing your dog to them can help reduce their anxiety response.

Common Causes of Anxiety in Dogs

Genetic predisposition

Some dogs may have a genetic predisposition to anxiety. Certain breeds are more prone to anxiety disorders, and individual dogs within those breeds may be more sensitive to stress. Understanding your dog’s breed tendencies and potential predispositions can help you be proactive in addressing their anxiety.

Pain or illness

Underlying pain or illness can contribute to a dog’s anxiety. It is essential to rule out any medical conditions that may be causing discomfort or distress for your dog. A thorough examination by a veterinarian can help identify and address any physical issues that may be contributing to their anxiety.

Traumatic experiences

Dogs who have experienced trauma in their past, such as abuse or neglect, are more likely to develop anxiety. These traumatic experiences can have a lasting impact on a dog’s emotional well-being, and it is crucial to provide them with extra care, patience, and professional assistance in overcoming their anxiety.

Lack of socialization

Proper socialization is essential for dogs to develop confidence and feel comfortable in various situations. Dogs who have not been adequately socialized may struggle with anxiety in unfamiliar environments or around new people or animals. Early socialization is key in preventing anxiety in dogs.

Changes in the household

Major changes in the household, such as the addition of a new family member or the loss of a pet, can trigger anxiety in dogs. They may struggle to adjust to the new dynamics or feel a sense of grief and loss. Providing support, stability, and reassurance during these transitions can help alleviate their anxiety.

Previous abandonment or neglect

Dogs who have previously experienced abandonment or neglect are at a higher risk for developing anxiety. These dogs may have deep-seated fears and insecurities related to being left alone or feeling neglected. Patience, understanding, and professional help can help these dogs overcome their anxieties and build trust and confidence.

Diagnosing Anxiety in Dogs

Observing behavior and physical signs

As a dog owner, you play a crucial role in observing your dog’s behavior and physical signs of anxiety. Keep a journal to document any behavioral changes or physical symptoms you notice, including shaking, panting, excessive licking, or destructive behavior. This information can be valuable when consulting with a veterinarian or animal behaviorist.

Consultation with a veterinarian or animal behaviorist

If you suspect that your dog is experiencing anxiety, it is important to seek professional guidance. A veterinarian or certified animal behaviorist can evaluate your dog’s symptoms, consider their medical history, and provide a diagnosis. They can also recommend appropriate treatment options and behavior modification techniques.

Ruling out underlying medical conditions

Before concluding that your dog’s anxiety is solely behavioral, it is crucial to rule out any underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to their symptoms. Some medical conditions, such as thyroid imbalances or hormonal issues, can manifest as anxiety in dogs. A thorough examination by a veterinarian can help identify or rule out these potential causes.

Considering the dog’s history and environment

When diagnosing anxiety in dogs, it is important to consider their personal history and current environment. Understanding their past experiences, such as trauma or neglect, can shed light on the underlying causes of their anxiety. Additionally, evaluating their current environment and any recent changes can provide insight into potential triggers for their anxiety.

Treating Anxiety in Dogs

Behavioral modification techniques

Behavioral modification techniques are a key component of treating anxiety in dogs. These techniques focus on changing your dog’s response to anxiety-inducing triggers through positive reinforcement, counterconditioning, and desensitization. Working with a professional trainer or animal behaviorist can help you develop a personalized behavior modification plan for your dog.

Medications and supplements

In some cases, medication or supplements may be recommended to help manage your dog’s anxiety. These can include anti-anxiety medications, pheromone diffusers, or natural supplements that promote relaxation and calmness. It is important to consult with your veterinarian before starting any medication or supplement regimen for your dog.

Professional training and desensitization

Professional training can be beneficial in helping your dog develop coping mechanisms for their anxiety. Trained professionals can guide you and your dog through desensitization exercises to gradually expose them to anxiety triggers in a controlled and positive manner. This can help your dog build confidence and reduce their anxiety response.

Creating a safe and predictable environment

Creating a safe and predictable environment is essential for dogs with anxiety. This includes providing a designated safe space for your dog, establishing consistent routines, and minimizing exposure to anxiety triggers. Dogs thrive on predictability and structure, so providing them with a stable environment can help reduce their anxiety levels.

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Providing mental and physical stimulation

Both mental and physical stimulation are important for dogs with anxiety. Engaging your dog in interactive play, puzzle toys, and training exercises can help redirect their focus and provide mental stimulation. Regular exercise, such as daily walks or playtime, can also help reduce anxiety by promoting overall well-being and releasing pent-up energy.

Holistic approaches

Holistic approaches, such as acupuncture, massage, or aromatherapy, can be used in conjunction with behavioral modification and other treatment methods to help manage your dog’s anxiety. These alternative therapies can provide relaxation and calming effects, aiding in your dog’s overall well-being and emotional balance.

Reducing triggers and stressors

Minimizing exposure to anxiety triggers and stressors is crucial in managing your dog’s anxiety. This may involve avoiding situations that are known to cause anxiety or gradually introducing them in a controlled manner. Identifying specific triggers and working to reduce their impact on your dog’s daily life can significantly alleviate their anxiety symptoms.

Preventing Anxiety in Dogs

Early socialization and exposure to various environments

Prevention is key when it comes to anxiety in dogs. Early socialization and exposure to various environments can help build your dog’s confidence and reduce their susceptibility to anxiety. Introduce your puppy to new people, animals, and situations gradually, making sure to use positive reinforcement and reward-based training techniques.

Consistent and positive reinforcement training

Consistent and positive reinforcement-based training is essential in preventing anxiety in dogs. Teach your dog basic obedience commands and provide them with clear boundaries and expectations. Rewarding desired behaviors and avoiding punishment or negative reinforcement helps create a positive and trusting relationship with your dog, reducing their risk of developing anxiety.

Regular exercise and mental stimulation

Regular exercise and mental stimulation are crucial in preventing anxiety in dogs. Make sure your dog gets daily physical exercise, such as walks, runs, or playtime, to help them burn off excess energy and stay fit. Additionally, provide mental stimulation through interactive toys, puzzle games, and training exercises to keep their minds engaged and fulfilled.

Avoiding traumatic experiences

Avoiding traumatic experiences whenever possible is important in preventing anxiety in dogs. Protect your dog from potentially harmful situations and environments that may lead to fear or stress. Be aware of your dog’s comfort level and provide them with a safe and secure environment in which they can thrive.

Maintaining a stable and secure environment

Dogs thrive in stable and secure environments. Maintaining a predictable routine, providing them with a designated safe space, and establishing consistent rules and boundaries can help prevent anxiety. Dogs feel most comfortable when they know what to expect, so creating a stable environment is essential for their overall well-being.

Managing triggers and stressors

Being aware of your dog’s triggers and stressors is important in preventing anxiety. Whether it’s loud noises, certain people, or specific situations, try to avoid or minimize exposure to these triggers. Gradual desensitization and positive reinforcement can also be used to help your dog become more comfortable around triggers, reducing the likelihood of anxiety.

When to Seek Professional Help for Your Anxious Dog

Severe or persistent anxiety symptoms

If your dog’s anxiety symptoms are severe or persistent, it is important to seek professional help. Excessive and uncontrollable anxiety can significantly disrupt your dog’s quality of life and well-being. A professional can provide a proper diagnosis and develop a comprehensive treatment plan to help alleviate your dog’s anxiety.

Interference with the dog’s quality of life

Anxiety that interferes with your dog’s quality of life should not be taken lightly. If your dog’s anxiety prevents them from participating in daily activities, enjoying interactions with family members or other pets, or causes them significant distress, it is important to seek professional help. Your dog deserves to live a fulfilling and anxiety-free life.

Inability to manage the anxiety on your own

If you have tried various techniques and strategies to manage your dog’s anxiety but have been unsuccessful, it may be time to seek professional help. A certified animal behaviorist or veterinarian with expertise in behavior can assess your dog’s specific needs and develop a tailored treatment plan to address their anxiety effectively.

Changes in behavior or worsening of symptoms

If you notice any changes in your dog’s behavior or a worsening of their anxiety symptoms, it is important to consult with a professional. Behavioral changes can be indicative of an underlying medical issue or a need for an adjustment in the treatment plan. Regular check-ins with a professional can ensure that your dog’s anxiety is properly managed.


Recognizing the signs of anxiety in dogs is crucial in providing them with the support and care they need. From physical signs such as shaking and excessive panting to behavioral signs like excessive barking and destructive behavior, anxiety in dogs can manifest in various ways. Understanding the triggers and causes of anxiety, along with the available treatment options, allows you to effectively manage and prevent anxiety in your furry companion. Remember to seek professional assistance if your dog’s anxiety is severe, persistent, or interfering with their quality of life. With patience, understanding, and the right strategies, you can help your dog navigate their anxiety and live a happier, calmer life.